Visual poetry is poetry or art in which the visual arrangement of text, images and symbols is important in conveying the intended effect of the work. It is sometimes referred to as concrete poetry, a term that predates visual poetry, and at one time was synonymous with it.
Visual poetry was heavily influenced by Fluxus, which is usually described as being Intermedia. Intermedia work tends to blur the distinctions between different media, and visual poetry blurs the distinction between art and text. Whereas concrete poetry is still recognizable as poetry, being composed of purely typographic elements, visual poetry is generally much less text-dependent. Visual poems incorporate text, but the text may have primarily a visual function. Visual poems often incorporate significant amounts of non-text imagery in addition to text.
There remains some debate regarding the distinction between concrete poetry and visual poetry. There are three dominant views regarding the issue. One view is that visual poetry is synonymous with concrete poetry. A second view is that visual poetry is a type (or sub-category) of concrete poetry. And the last view is that visual poetry has evolved into a visual form distinct from concrete poetry. This view is supported by work identified as visual poetry in which typographic elements are secondary to visual elements, are minimal, or in some cases are absent altogether from the work.
- Babi Badalov
- Julien Blaine
- Joan Brossa
- Juan Manuel Calleja
- Walter Chiari
- Valery Oişteanu
- David Tomasi
- Alejandro Thornton
- Clemente Padin
- Edgardo Antonio Vigo
- Juan Carlos Romero
- List of concrete and visual poets
- Asemic writing
- Concrete poetry
- Digital art
- Digital poetry
- Fluxus poetry
- Haptic poetry
- Something Else Press
- Video poetry
- Poesia Visual
- Willard Bohn: The Aesthetics of Visual Poetry, 1914-1928. University Of Chicago Press, 1993
- Dick Higgins: Synesthesia and Intersenses: Intermedia. 1965, Originally published in Something Else Newsletter 1, No. 1 (Something Else Press, 1966). Also published as a chapter in Dick Higgins, Horizons, the Poetics and Theory of the Intermedia (Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois Univ. Press, 1984).
- Litsa Spathi: Rail Track. 2008, Originally published by Fluxus Heidelberg Center, 2008
- Visual Poetry in the Avant Writing Collection at The Ohio State University Libraries
- e-motive: Visual Poetry in the Digital Age
- From Concrete to Visual Poetry by Klaus Peter Dencker
- UbuWeb, which hosts a large amount of concrete poetry
- Visual poetry of Joaquim Brustenga-Etxauri
- The Sackner Archive of Concrete and Visual Poetry
- The Visual Poetry Network
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iy5v0Qq26tE Example of Visual poetry found on Youtube.com today
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