|The University of Western Ontario|
Veritas et Utilitas|
(Truth and usefulness)
|Location||London, Ontario, Canada|
|Campus||Urban/Suburban-395 acres (1.6 kmÂ²)|
|Former names||Western University of London Ontario|
|Sport Teams||Western Ontario Mustangs|
|Colours||Purple and White Template:Color box Template:Color box|
|Affiliations||ACU, AUCC, CARL, IAU, G13, COU, CIS, CUSID, OUA, Fields Institute, CBIE, CUP.|
The University of Western Ontario (known as Western or UWO) is a public research university located in London, Ontario, Canada. It was founded in 1878 by Bishop Isaac Hellmuth of Bishop's University and the Anglican Diocese of Huron as The Western University of London Ontario. Huron College, established in 1863 as an Anglican theological school, provided the basis for the new university. The University covers 395 acres (1.6 kmÂ²) of land on the north branch of the Thames River and the main campus consists of 75 buildings. The university also has extensive land holdings outside of the main campus.
The school colours are purple and white due to its historical connection with Bishop's, and the school's motto is Veritas et utilitas, meaning Truth and usefulness. The University's Chancellor is John Thompson, and its President is Dr. Amit Chakma. Through its twelve faculties and schools, and three affiliated colleges, the University offers more than 200 different degree and diploma programs.
The University was founded in 1878 by Bishop Isaac Hellmuth of the Anglican Diocese of Huron as "The Western University of London Ontario." It incorporated Huron University College, which had been founded in 1863. The first four faculties were Arts, Divinity, Law and Medicine, and there were originally only 15 students when classes began in 1881. The first of these students graduated in 1883. The Western University of London was eventually made non-denominational in 1908.
In 1916, the current site of the University was purchased from the Kingsmill family, and in 1923 the Western University of London was renamed the University of Western Ontario. The first two buildings constructed at the new site were the Arts Building (now University College) and the Natural Science Building (now the Physics and Astronomy Building). These were built in a neo-Gothic or "Collegiate Gothic" style, and classes on the present site of the school began in 1924.(Citation needed) The University College tower, one of the most distinctive features of the University, was named the Middlesex Memorial Tower in honour of the men from Middlesex County who had fought in World War I (all 40 male students at Western in 1914 had enlisted). Western later became affiliated with St. Peter's College seminary of London, Ontario in 1939, and it eventually became King's College, an arts faculty.
Although enrollment was relatively small for many years, the University began to increase greatly in size after World War II and by the 1970s, 10% of university students in Ontario were enrolled at Western. The University saw the addition of a number of new faculties in the post-war period, such as the Faculty of Graduate Studies (1947), the School of Business Administration (now the Richard Ivey School of Business) (1949), the Faculty of Engineering Science (now the Faculty of Engineering) (1957), the Faculty of Law (1959), and Althouse College for education students (now the Faculty of Education) (1963) and the Faculty of Music (1968)(Citation needed)
The University of Western Ontario also has a well-developed part-time and continuing education faculty which includes a French-English Summer School at Trois-Pistoles, Quebec. The university has affiliations with Huron University College, Brescia University College, and King's University College (University of Western Ontario).
The University covers 395 acres (1.6 kmÂ²) of land on the north branch of the Thames River and the main campus consists of 75 buildings. The university also has extensive land holdings outside of the main campus. Notable buildings on campus include Thames Hall (built in 1949), the Stevenson-Lawson Building (built in 1959), Middlesex College (with its clock tower, another distinctive feature of the university, built in 1960), Talbot College (built in 1966), Alumni Hall (built in 1967), London Health Sciences Centre University Hospital, the John P. Robarts Research Institute, the Lawson Health Research Institute, the D.B. Weldon Library, the John Labatt Visual Arts Centre, the Boundary Layer Wind Tunnel Laboratory, the University Community Centre, the Social Science Centre, and T.D. Waterhouse Stadium (built in 2001). The campus is also home to the Hume Cronyn Memorial Observatory, built in 1940 as one of the first observatories at a Canadian university, and named after the grandfather of actor Hume Cronyn. The McIntosh Memorial Art Gallery was built in 1942, and is now the oldest university art gallery in Canada.(Citation needed)
Western has a number of student residences on campus, ranging in type from the more traditional dorm-style residences to newer suite-style accommodation:
- Traditional-style residences
- Suite-style residences
- Essex Hall (500 students)
- Elgin Hall (400 students)
- Alumni House (250 students)
- London Hall (417 students)
- Huron University College residences
- Southwest (suite-style)
- King's University College residences
- Alumni Court
- Wemple Hall
There are additional campus apartments and townhouses available for upper-year students.
Admission grade required at the University of Western Ontario is competitive and consistently above the provincial average of 81.6% in 2010. For the 2010-11 calendar year, the average entrance grade of students admitted to first year undergraduate studies directly from high school was 86.8%, the third highest in Canada next to McGill University and Queen's University respectively.
Western offers more than 200 different programs through its 12 faculties and schools and three affiliated colleges:
- Faculty of Arts and Humanities
- Faculty of Education
- Faculty of Engineering
- The School of Graduate and Postdoctoral Studies
- Faculty of Health Sciences
- Faculty of Information and Media Studies (MIT, MPI, MTP)
- Western Law School
- Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry
- Don Wright Faculty of Music
- Richard Ivey School of Business
- Faculty of Science
- Faculty of Social Science
- Management and Organizational Studies
Including its three affiliated colleges, Western's total enrolment is currently 34,000 full- and part-time students. The University has three affiliated colleges:
- Brescia University College (Roman Catholic; the only university-level women's college in Canada), established in 1919 by the Ursuline Sisters.
The Brescia University College: Dept. of Human Ecology has an accredited dietetic program. The university is accredited by the Dietitians of Canada and the university's graduates may subsequently become registered dietitians. List of universities with accredited dietetic programs
- Huron University College (Anglican; established in 1863 as an Anglican theological school, includes the Anglican seminary)
- King's University College (Roman Catholic; includes St. Peter's seminary) affiliated with Western in 1939.
In addition, there is a Continuing Studies facility in the downtown Citi Plaza mall for the purposes of adult education. Western was also the first and only Canadian University to offer a Commercial Aviation Management program.(Citation needed)
Of the Faculty of Arts' more notable structures and amenities is The A. Brandon Conron Hall: a neo-gothic lecture hall that doubles as an artistic expression centre where various plays are performed throughout the duration of the school year.
Student life Edit
As of 2010-11, there are approximately 21,135 undergraduate and 4,704 graduate students at Western. King's University College has about 3,216 students, Huron University College about 1,254, and Brescia University College about 964.
The University Community Centre is home to many student-run clubs and media outlets, including The Gazette, Western's daily student newspaper, tvWestern.ca, the campus television station, and 94.9 CHRW-FM, legally known as Radio Western. The campus also houses the popular student lounge with pub section, the Spoke, as well as the Wave, a restaurant/dance club. School spirit runs high at Western, as social events are well attended. Orientation (Frosh) Week and Homecoming are especially popular. Western's O-Week is a $600,000 program, and the largest of its kind in Canada and University Students' Council representatives have led several seminars at other universities to share their experiences in running a successful orientation week program.(Citation needed)
Western also provides generous financial aid, bursaries and competitive scholarship programs. The University's top scholarships are the National Scholarships, which include the President's Scholarship, the Faculty Scholarship and the National Merit Awards.
Student groups and clubs Edit
Western is home to over 197 clubs for academic, athletic, religious, cultural, philanthropic and other pursuits, which are governed by the University Students' Council (USC). Some of these groups are the University of Western Ontario Debating Society, the oldest student association at the university and one of the largest debating societies in Canada, and student political clubs such as the Western Liberals, which is one of the largest Liberal university clubs in Canada. The UWO Tories have hosted Conservative leader Tim Hudak, and many other notable speakers, while the Campus Coalition for Democracy attracted national attention when it hosted Ann Coulter at the Natural Sciences Building on Monday, March 22, 2010. One of the largest club on campus is the infamous Purple Spur Society, which has been ranked in Macleans Magazine as having the number one student ski trip in all of Canada.
The Don Wright Faculty of Music offers over 300 concert performances of various styles throughout the year, most of which are open to the public. The UWO Symphony Orchestra and the UWO Chamber Orchestra perform regularly under conductor Geoffrey Moull. UWOpera, under the direction of Theodore Baerg, performs a wide variety of repertoire ranging from operetta to full operatic works in the Paul Davenport Theatre (refurbished and renamed in 2009 from Talbot Theatre). UWO is presently planning the construction of a new Concert Hall with 1100-1400 seats, which would include amenities and equipment suitable for major orchestral, operatic and choral events.
Theatre Western produces a season that includes an annual musical revue of modern and classic Broadway, Purple Shorts (Western's One-Act Play Festival,) and a major musical production each spring. Recent productions include West Side Story, Cabaret, Gypsy, Sweeney Todd, and The 25th Annual Putnam County Spelling Bee.
The Faculty of Education typically puts on a major production every year. Past years have included such shows as Hair, Into The Woods, Chess, Seussical and Urinetown. 2010's production will be Jason Robert Brown's '13'.
The Huron Underground Drama Society (or "HUDS") is a completely student run drama group that puts on several shows per year. Their plays or skits are usually completely student written, and are well known for their edgy comedic content.
The campus radio station CHRW celebrated 25 years on FM in 2006. Several alumni including former ABC, and former Global TV anchor Kevin Newman have gone on to other careers in the music and broadcasting industries.
The student television station at Western, tvWestern.ca, has existed for a decade. tvWestern.ca features original video programming created for students by students, including coverage of sports, arts, information and culture. Its programming is available on the website, via Rogers Cable on the show "tvWestern.ca on Rogers" and all programming since January 2008 is available through podcasts on iTunes. In 2010 funding for the television station was cut by the University Students Council forcing the closure of TV Western.
Western News is the award-winning staff and faculty newspaper at the university.
Greek life Edit
There are currently five nationally chartered sorority houses: Alpha Phi, Alpha Omicron Pi, Alpha Gamma Delta, Kappa Alpha Theta, and Pi Beta Phi. There are also eight fraternities: Alpha Epsilon Pi, Delta Upsilon, the Kappa Alpha Society, Pi Kappa Alpha, Sigma Chi, Lambda Chi Alpha, Pi Lambda Phi and Phi Gamma Delta. The Greek system is active on campus as well as throughout the city of London, through numerous philanthropy events and special events at local bars and clubs.
The University Students' Council (USC) is a $22-million dollar corporation; over half of Western students are involved with the USC through the clubs system, the Orientation Program, and various forms of student councils. In 2009, USC presidential candidate and eventual president-elect Emily Rowe caught national attention when her campaign video, a spoof of a popular Discovery Channel commercial, became one of the most viewed Canadian videos on YouTube and was referenced in a "Maclean's Campus" article. The USC also publishes The Gazette, Canada's only daily student newspaper. Founded in 1906 and given its present name in 1930, the Gazette is widely read across campus and is routinely the venue for comment and debate by students.
The Gazette is the student newspaper on campus and is widely-read both by students and faculty. Published between Tuesday and Friday, the paper is edited and written entirely by undergraduate students. The paper consists of multiple sections, including sports, fashion, news, and campus issues. Many contributors to the newspaper began their involvement with a simple visit to the Gazette office, which can be found on the second floor of the University Community Centre.
The library system at Western has seven major service locations with more than 9 million items in print, microform and electronic formats. There are many special collections, such as those in the areas of Canadiana, Art History, Sport History, Music and Law.
Western's libraries include:
- Western Archives
- C.B. "Bud" Johnston Library (Business)
- Education Library
- John and Dotsa Bitove Family Law Library
- Music Library
- Allyn and Betty Taylor Library
- The D. B. Weldon Library
- Pride Library
In addition to the above locations materials from the Affiliated University College Libraries are available to Western faculty, students and staff:
- Brescia University College Library (Beryl Ivey Library)
- King's University College Library (G. Emmet Cardinal Carter Library)
- Silcox Memorial Library (Huron College)
- St. Peter's Seminary Library
The campus is also the home of art and performance facilities, and the McIntosh Gallery, the second oldest university art gallery in Canada. (Citation needed)The permanent collection of the McIntosh includes over 3000 works in various media dating primarily from the early 19th century to the present, including works by the Group of Seven.
AthleticsEditWestern has 37 Varsity sports teams,(Citation needed) known as The University of Western Ontario Mustangs. From 1939 to 1948 the football team was undefeated, and they have won six Vanier Cups. For 30 years the football team was coached by John P. Metras, for whom the Canadian Interuniversity Sport's best defensive linesman award is named. Football games have been broadcast continuously since 1980 on the Western station 94.9 CHRW. The men's basketball team has also won many championships. Further, the men's squash team has won 26 consecutive Ontario University Athletics (OUA) titles, making it the most winning team in OUA history.
In 1929 J.W. Little Stadium was built, named after former Mayor of London and vice-chairman of the Western Board of Governors John William Little. This stadium served as the site of convocation until 1960, and continued to be used as a sports stadium until 2001 when it was torn down and replaced with TD-Waterhouse Stadium. The new stadium was the primary site of the 2001 Summer Canada Games, which were held in London.
Until the 2005-2006 season, Western's men's hockey team played on campus at Thompson Arena, completed in January 1975 with a capacity of 4,159. The arena also hosts an indoor track, while its curling rink is being removed as part of a large renovation to create additional recreational space. Men's hockey games now take place in downtown London at the John Labatt Centre, also the home of the London Knights. After years of debate, the Ontario University Athletics board of directors voted in May, 2006 to let schools provide athletic financial awards (AFAs) to first-year student-athletes.(Citation needed)
Western is also home to one of Canada's two university-level marching bands, the Western Mustang Band. It was started in 1938 by alumnus Don Wright (for whom the Music Faculty is now named). The only other Canadian university marching band is the Queen's Bands of Queen's University.(Citation needed)
The Mustang Cheerleading team, meanwhile, has won 24 of the last 25 Canadian Collegiate Championships (since 1985).(Citation needed) The squad, which was formed in 1924, is the longest running collegiate cheer team in Canada.(Citation needed)
Athletics facilities on campus include the 10,000-seat TD Waterhouse Stadium, the Thompson Recreation and Athletic Centre, which contains an ice rink, an indoor track, curling sheets and tennis facilities, and Alumni Hall, a multi-purpose auditorium for basketball, volleyball, and other indoor events. Campus Recreation, formerly in the University Community Centre basement, moved to a new Athletic Centre at the start of 2009.
Western is also home to many athletic related clubs, ranging from sports teams, to "workout related", to a large number of martial arts clubs.
RankingsEditGlobe and Mail University Report Card for overall quality of education. It ranked #3 among medical-doctoral level universities according to Maclean's Magazine 2005 University Rankings. In 2006, Western and many other universities refused to provide Maclean's with data due to concerns regarding the magazine's ranking methodology. In that year, it ranked #5 in the Medical-Doctoral category. Three of the four schools placed above Western in that year's ranking had also refused to participate. In the Times Higher Education 2009 rankings of the top 200 world universities, Western received a score of 91 out of 100 for faculty citations, which is intended to give "a sense of the density of research excellence on a campus." In 2010 QS World University Rankings ranked the university 164th overall in the world.
The student/faculty ratio for the 2003-04 year was about 21 students per member of faculty(Citation needed).
As a research university, external support for research projects totals more than $208 million per year. There are about 1,200 faculty members at the university and affiliated colleges.
Popular culture Edit
- Asteroid 15025 Uwontario is named after the university.
- In the comic strip, For Better or For Worse, Michael Patterson studies journalism there.
- List of Ontario Universities
- Old Four
- Group of Thirteen (Canadian universities)
- Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada
- List of University of Western Ontario people
- Canadian government scientific research organizations
- Canadian industrial research and development organizations
- Ontario Student Assistance Program
- St. Peter's Seminary (Diocese of London, Ontario)
- Management and Organizational Studies
- ↑  [Accessed May 2009]
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 http://www.ipb.uwo.ca/documents/2010_faculty_gender.pdf
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 B. Beaton. University of Western Ontario, The Canadian Encyclopedia
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 J. Paul Green. University of Western Ontario, The Canadian Encyclopedia, Encyclopedia of Music in Canada
- ↑ Residences Overview - Residence at The University of Western Ontario
- ↑ Delaware Hall @ UWO (Official Site)
- ↑ Perth Hall - Residence at The University of Western Ontario
- ↑ CUDO - Council of Ontario Universities
- ↑ President Paul Davenport - Common University Data Ontario
- ↑ http://www.music.uwo.ca/events/1011brochure.pdf
- ↑ External Reviewers' Report, September 2, 2010
- ↑ The student candidate video everyone's talking about - Macleans OnCampus
- ↑ The Pride Library, retrieved on 2009-06-29
- ↑ oua.ca: Past Champions
- ↑ Globe and Mail University Report Card Template:Dead link
- ↑ 2005 Macleans M-D Rankings
- ↑ Dalhousie University, et al. (14 August 2006). "11 universities bow out of Maclean's university rankings". Archived from the original on 14 August 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060814235838/http://www.news.utoronto.ca/bin6/060814-2502.asp. Retrieved 15 August 2006.
- ↑ 18.0 18.1 2006 Macleans M-D Rankings
- ↑ Times Higher Education
- ↑ "QS World University Rankings 2010 Results". http://www.topuniversities.com/university-rankings/world-university-rankings/2010/results.
- ↑ Office of Institutional Planning & Budgeting - The University of Western Ontario, (2010).
General sources Edit
- Barr, Murray Llewellyn. A century of medicine at Western : a centennial history of the Faculty of Medicine, University of Western Ontario. London: University of Western Ontario, 1977
- Gwynne-Timothy, John R. W. Western's first century. London: University of Western Ontario, 1978
- Talman, Ruth Davis. The beginnings and development of the University of Western Ontario, 1878-1924. MA Thesis, University of Western Ontario, 1925
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