|University of Chicago|
|Motto||Crescat scientia; vita excolatur (Latin)|
|Motto in English||Let knowledge grow from more to more; and so be human life enriched|
|Type||Private nondenominational coeducational|
|Endowment||US $5.922 billion|
|Admin. staff||14,772 (including employees of the University of Chicago Medical Center)|
|Campus||Urban, 211 acres (85 ha)|
|Colors||Maroon Template:Color box White Template:Color box|
|Athletics||NCAA Division III UAA|
|Affiliations||Committee on Institutional Cooperation|
|The University of Chicago Logo|
The University of Chicago (U of C, UC, UChicago, or simply Chicago) is a private research university in Chicago, Illinois, USA. It was founded by the American Baptist Education Society with a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller and incorporated in 1890. William Rainey Harper became the university's first president, in 1891, and the first classes were held in 1892. It has a reputation of devotion to academic scholarship and intellectualism and is affiliated with scores of Rhodes Scholars and 85 Nobel Prize laureates.
The University consists of the College of the University of Chicago, various graduate programs and interdisciplinary committees organized into four divisions, six professional schools, and a school of continuing education. The University enrolls approximately 5,000 students in the College and about 15,000 students overall.
In 2008, the University spent $423.7 million on scientific research. University of Chicago scholars have played a role in the development of the Chicago School of economics, the Chicago School of sociology, the law and economics movement in legal analysis,, the Chicago school of literary criticism, and the physics leading to the world's first man-made, self-sustaining nuclear reaction. The University is also home to the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.
- Main article: History of the University of Chicago
The University of Chicago was created and incorporated as a coeducational, secular institution in 1890 by the American Baptist Education Society and a donation from oil magnate and philanthropist John D. Rockefeller on land donated by Marshall Field. It emerged from a Baptist university of the same name that had closed in 1886 due to financial difficulties. William Rainey Harper became the modern University's first president on July 1, 1891, and the first classes were held on October 1, 1892.
The business school was founded in 1898, and the law school was founded in 1902. Harper died in 1906, and was replaced by a series of three presidents whose tenures lasted until 1929. During this period, the Oriental Institute was founded.
In 1929, the University's fifth president, Robert Maynard Hutchins, took office; the University underwent many changes during his 24-year tenure. Hutchins eliminated varsity football from the University in an attempt to deemphasize athletics over academics, instituted the undergraduate college's liberal-arts curriculum known as the Common Core, and organized the University's graduate work into its current four divisions. In 1933, Hutchins proposed an unsuccessful plan to merge the University of Chicago and Northwestern University into a single university. During his term, the University of Chicago Hospitals (now called the University of Chicago Medical Center) finished construction and enrolled its first medical students, and the Committee on Social Thought was created.
Money that had been raised during the 1920s and financial backing from the Rockefeller Foundation helped the school to survive through the Great Depression. During World War II, the University made important contributions to the Manhattan Project. The University was the site of the first isolation of plutonium and of the creation of the first artificial, self-sustained nuclear reaction by Enrico Fermi in 1942.
In the early 1950s, student applications declined as a result of increasing crime and poverty in the Hyde Park neighborhood. In response, the University became a major sponsor of a controversial urban renewal project for Hyde Park, which profoundly affected both the neighborhood's architecture and street plan.
The University experienced its share of student unrest during the 1960s, beginning in 1962, when students occupied President George Beadle's office in a protest over the University's off-campus rental policies. In 1969, more than 400 students, angry about the dismissal of a popular professor, Marlene Dixon, occupied the Administration Building for two weeks. After the sit-in ended, when Dixon turned down a one-year reappointment, 42 students were expelled and 81 were suspended, the most severe response to student occupations of any American university during the student movement.
In 1999, then-President Hugo Sonnenschein announced plans to relax the University's famed core curriculum, reducing the number of required courses from 21 to 15. When The New York Times, The Economist, and other major news outlets picked up this story, the University became the focal point of a national debate on education. The changes were ultimately implemented, but the controversy played a role in Sonnenschein's decision to resign in 2000.
In the past decade, the University began a number of multi-million dollar expansion projects. In 2008, the University of Chicago announced plans to establish the Milton Friedman Institute which attracted both support and controversy from faculty members and students.  The institute will cost around $200 million and occupy the buildings of the Chicago Theological Seminary. During the same year, investor David G. Booth donated $300 million to the University's Booth School of Business, which is the largest gift in the University's history and the largest gift ever to any business school. In 2009, planning or construction on several new buildings, half of which cost $100 million or more, was underway.
A recent two billion dollar campaign has brought substantial expansion to the campus, including the unveiling of the Max Palevsky Residential Commons, the South Campus Residence Hall, the Gerald Ratner Athletics Center, a new hospital, and a new science building. Current construction projects include: the Jules and Gwen Knapp Center for Biomedical Discovery, a ten-story medical research center, as well as further additions to the medical campus of the University of Chicago Medical Center.
The main campus of the University of Chicago consists of Template:Convert/LoffAoffDbSoffNa in the Chicago neighborhoods of Hyde Park and Woodlawn, seven miles (11 km) south of downtown Chicago. The northern and southern portions of campus are separated by the Midway Plaisance, a large, linear park created for the 1893 World's Columbian Exposition.
The first buildings of the University of Chicago campus, which make up what is now known as the Main Quadrangles, were part of a "master plan" conceived by two University of Chicago trustees and plotted by Chicago architect Henry Ives Cobb. The Main Quadrangles consist of six quadrangles, each surrounded by buildings, bordering one larger quadrangle. The buildings of the Main Quadrangles were designed by Cobb, Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge, Holabird & Roche, and other architectural firms in the Collegiate Gothic style, deliberately patterned after the layouts of the Universities of Oxford. (Mitchell Tower, for example, is modeled after Oxford's Magdalen Tower, and the University Commons, Hutchinson Hall, is a duplicate of Oxford's Christ Church Hall.)
After the 1940s, the Collegiate Gothic style on campus began to give way to modern styles. In 1955, Eero Saarinen was contracted to develop a second master plan, which led to the construction of buildings both north and south of the Midway, including the Laird Bell Law Quadrangle (a complex designed by Saarinen); a series of arts buildings; a building designed by Ludwig Mies van der Rohe for the University's School of Social Service Administration; and the Regenstein Library, the largest building on campus, a brutalist structure designed by Walter Netsch of the Chicago firm Skidmore, Owings and Merrill. Another master plan, designed in 1999 and updated in 2004, produced the Gerald Ratner Athletics Center (2003), the Max Palevsky Residential Commons (2001), South Campus Residence Hall and dining commons (2009), a new children's hospital, and other constructions, expansions, and restorations.
The site of Chicago Pile-1 is a National Historic Landmark and is marked by the Henry Moore sculpture Nuclear Energy. Robie House, a Frank Lloyd Wright building acquired by the University in 1963, is also a National Historic Landmark, as is room 405 of the George Herbert Jones Laboratory, where Glenn T. Seaborg and his team were the first to isolate plutonium. Hitchcock Hall, an undergraduate dormitory, is on the National Register of Historic Places.
Satellite campuses Edit
The University of Chicago also maintains facilities apart from its main campus. The University's Booth School of Business maintains campuses in Singapore, London, and the downtown Streeterville neighborhood of Chicago. The Center in Paris, a campus located on the left bank of the Seine in Paris, hosts various undergraduate and graduate study programs. The University of Chicago also opened a new center in Beijing in fall 2010.
Administration and finances Edit
The University of Chicago is governed by a board of trustees. The Board of Trustees oversees the long-term development and plans of the University and manages fundraising efforts, and is composed of 50 members including the University President. Directly beneath the President are the Provost, fourteen Vice Presidents (including the Chief Financial Officer, Chief Investment Officer, and Dean of Students of the University), the Directors of Argonne National Laboratory and Fermilab, the Secretary of the University, and the Student Ombudsperson. As of August 2009, the Chairman of the Board of Trustees is Andrew Alper, and the President of the University is Robert Zimmer.
The academic bodies of the University of Chicago consist of the College, four divisions of graduate research, six professional schools, and the Graham School of General Studies (a continuing education school). The University also contains a library system, the University of Chicago Press, the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools, and the University of Chicago Medical Center, and holds ties with a number of independent academic institutions, including Fermilab and Argonne National Laboratory. The University is accredited by The Higher Learning Commission of the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools.
The University runs on a quarter system in which the academic year is divided into four terms: Summer (June–August), Autumn (September–December), Winter (January–March), and Spring (April–June). Full-time undergraduate students take three to four courses every quarter for approximately eleven weeks before their quarterly academic breaks. The school year typically begins in late September and ends in mid-June.
Undergraduate college Edit
- Main article: College of the University of Chicago
The College of the University of Chicago grants Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees in 49 academic majors and 22 minors. The college's academics are divided into five divisions: the Biological Sciences Collegiate Division, the Physical Sciences Collegiate Division, the Social Sciences Collegiate Division, the Humanities Collegiate Division, and the New Collegiate Division. The first four are sections within their corresponding graduate divisions, while the New Collegiate Division administers interdisciplinary majors and studies which do not fit in one of the other four divisions.
Undergraduate students are required to take a distribution of courses to satisfy the University's core curriculum known as the Common Core. Most of the Core classes at Chicago contain no more than 25 students, and are generally led by a full-time professor (as opposed to a teaching assistant). As of the 2009–2010 school year, 15 courses, tested proficiency in a foreign language, passage of a swim test, and up to three physical education courses (depending on results of an entrance examination) are required under the Core.
Graduate schools and committees Edit
The University graduate schools and committees are divided into four divisions: Biological Sciences, Humanities, Physical Sciences, and Social Sciences. In the spring quarter of 2009, the University enrolled 3,633 graduate students: 485 in the Biological Sciences Division, 1,076 in the Humanities Division, 732 in the Physical Sciences Division, and 1,340 in the Social Sciences Division.
The University is home to several committees for interdisciplinary scholarship, including the Committee on Social Thought.
Professional schools Edit
The University contains six professional schools: the Pritzker School of Medicine (which is a part of the Biological Sciences Division), the Booth School of Business, the Law School, the Divinity School, the Harris School of Public Policy Studies, and the School of Social Service Administration (SSA). The total enrollment for these six professional schools was 5,086 students in the 2009 spring quarter: 2,878 students in the business school, 344 in the Divinity School, 452 in the medical school, 269 in the Harris School, 494 in SSA, and 649 in the Law School.
The Law School is accredited by the American Bar Association, the Divinity School is accredited by the Commission on Accrediting of the Association of Theological Schools in the United States and Canada, Pritzker is accredited by the Liaison Committee on Medical Education.
Associated academic institutions Edit
The University runs a number of academic institutions and programs apart from its undergraduate and postgraduate schools. It operates the University of Chicago Laboratory Schools (a private day school for K-12 students and day care), the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School (a residential treatment program for those with behavioral and emotional problems), and four public charter schools on the South Side of Chicago administered by the university's Urban Education Institute. In addition, the Hyde Park Day School, a school for students with learning disabilities, maintains a location on the University of Chicago campus. Since 1983, the University of Chicago has maintained the University of Chicago School Mathematics Project, a mathematics program used in urban primary and secondary schools. The University runs a program called the Council on Advanced Studies in the Social Sciences and Humanities, which administers interdisciplinary workshops to provide a forum for graduate students, faculty, and visiting scholars to present scholarly work in progress. The University also operates the University of Chicago Press, the largest university press in the United States.
Library system Edit
The University of Chicago Library system encompasses six libraries that contain a total of 8.5 million volumes, the 12th most among library systems in the United States. The largest of the University's libraries is the Regenstein Library, which will be the largest collection of print volumes in the United States once its expansion is completed in 2010. The John Crerar Library contains more than 1.3 million volumes in the biological, medical and physical sciences and collections in general science and the philosophy and history of science, medicine, and technology. The University also operates a number of special libraries, including the D’Angelo Law Library, the Social Service Administration Library, and the Eckhart Library for mathematics and computer science.
In fiscal year 2006, the University of Chicago spent US$305,301,000 on scientific research. It is classified by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching as an institution with "very high research activity" and is a founding member of the Committee on Institutional Cooperation and the Association of American Universities.
The University operates 12 research institutes and 113 research centers on campus. Among these are the Oriental Institute—a museum and research center for Near Eastern studies owned and operated by the University—and a number of National Resource Centers, including the Center for Middle Eastern Studies. Chicago also operates or is affiliated with a number of research institutions apart from the university proper. The University partially manages Argonne National Laboratory, part of the United States Department of Energy's national laboratory system, and has a joint stake in Fermilab, a nearby particle physics laboratory, as well as a stake in the Apache Point Observatory in Sunspot, New Mexico. Faculty and students at the adjacent Toyota Technological Institute at Chicago collaborate with the University, and although formally unrelated, the National Opinion Research Center is located on campus.
The University of Chicago has been the site of some important experiments and academic movements. In economics, the University has played an important role in shaping ideas about the free market and is the namesake of the Chicago school of economics, the school of economic thought supported by Milton Friedman and other economists. The University's sociology department was the first independent sociology department in the United States and gave birth to the Chicago school of sociology. In physics, the University was the site of the Chicago Pile-1 (the first self-sustained man-made nuclear reaction, part of the Manhattan Project), of Robert Millikan's oil-drop experiment that calculated the charge of the electron, and of the development of radiocarbon dating.
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Student body Edit
In the 2009 Spring Quarter, the University of Chicago enrolled 4,920 students in the College, 3,633 students in its four graduate divisions, 5,088 students in its professional schools, and 14,000 students overall. In the 2009 Spring Quarter, international students comprised about 18% of the overall study body, at least 23% of students were domestic ethnic minorities, and 45% were female. The middle 50% band of SAT scores for the undergraduate class of 2014 was 1400–1530, the average MCAT score of students in the Pritzker School of Medicine is 36, and the median LSAT score for students entering the Law School in 2009 was 171.
In 2004, the University of Chicago claimed 133,155 living alumni.
- Main article: Chicago Maroons
The Maroons compete in the NCAA's Division III as members of the University Athletic Association (UAA). The University was a founding member of the Big Ten Conference and participated in the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball and Football and was a regular participant in the Men's Basketball tournament. In 1935 the University of Chicago reached the Sweet Sixteen. However, the University chose to withdraw from the conference in 1946 after University President Robert Maynard Hutchins de-emphasized varsity athletics in 1939 and dropped football. (In 1969, Chicago reinstated football as a Division III team, resuming playing its home games at the new Stagg Field.)
Students at the University of Chicago run over 400 clubs and organizations known as Recognized Student Organizations (RSOs). These include cultural and religious groups, academic clubs and teams, and common-interest organizations. Among notable RSOs are the renowned improvisational comedy troupe Off-Off Campus, organizing committee for the University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt, the twice-weekly student newspaper The Chicago Maroon, and the University-owned radio station WHPK-FM.
Fraternities and sororities Edit
There are fourteen fraternities and six sororities at the University of Chicago, as well as one co-ed community service fraternity, Alpha Phi Omega. Three of the sororities are members of the National Panhellenic Conference, and ten of the fraternities form the University of Chicago Interfraternity Council. In 2002, the Associate Director of Student Activities estimated that 8–10 percent of undergraduates were members of fraternities or sororities. The student activities office has used similar figures, stating that one in ten undergraduates participate in Greek life.
Student housing Edit
- Main article: Housing at the University of Chicago
On-campus undergraduate students at the University of Chicago participate in a house system in which each student is assigned to one of the university's 10 residence hall buildings and to a smaller community within their residence hall called a "house". There are 36 houses, with an average of 70 students in each house Freshmen are required to participate in the house system, and housing is guaranteed every year thereafter. About 60% of undergraduate students live on campus.
For graduate students, the University owns and operates 28 apartment buildings near campus.
- Main article: Doc Films
Every May since 1987, the University of Chicago has held the University of Chicago Scavenger Hunt, in which large teams of students compete to obtain notoriously esoteric items from a list. The University also annually holds a summer carnival and concert called Summer Breeze that hosts outside musicians, and is home to Doc Films, a student film society founded in 1932 that screens films nightly at the University.
- ↑ "About the University". The University of Chicago. 2007. http://www.uchicago.edu/uchi/about/. Retrieved April 20, 2007.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 As of December 31, 2010. "Office of Investments". University of Chicago. http://investments.uchicago.edu/marketvalue.html. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Facts for Journalists". University of Chicago News Office. http://news.uchicago.edu/more/facts.php. Retrieved August 30, 2009.
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 "The College Facts". The University of Chicago. http://college.uchicago.edu/about-college/facts. Retrieved September 13, 2010.
- ↑ "Traditions". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/studentlife/activities/traditions.shtml. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- ↑ "The University of Chicago". The Fathom Archive (Columbia University). http://www.fathom.com/partners/uchic/index.html. Retrieved July 30, 2006. "The University of Chicago was founded in 1892, and within a short time became internationally recognized as one of the world's great centers of scholarship, research, and teaching."
- ↑ News, Yale Daily (2008). The Insider's Guide to the Colleges (34th ed.). Yale Daily News. pp. 305–308. ISBN 9780312366896. http://books.google.com/?id=xGhozfiwCHwC&pg=PA305&lpg=PA305&dq=over+400+RSO+uchicago.
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 "Nobel Laureates". The University of Chicago. December 10, 2008. Archived from the original on 10-9-2009. http://www.webcitation.org/5gv0idEcD. Retrieved October 9, 2009.
- ↑ "Facts for Journalists". http://news.uchicago.edu/more/facts.php.
- ↑ "History of Law and Economics". University of Montreal. http://encyclo.findlaw.com/0200book.pdf. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- ↑ Angelo, Joseph A. (November 30, 2004). Nuclear Technology. Greenwood Press. p. 1. doi:10.1336/1573563366. ISBN 1-57356-336-6. http://books.google.com/?id=ITfaP-xY3LsC&lpg=PA1&dq=uchicago%20nuclear%20reaction%20first%20-site%3Awikipedia.org&pg=PP1.
- ↑ 12.0 12.1 "Duffy is named Director of the University Press". The University of Chicago Chronicle. April 27, 2000. http://chronicle.uchicago.edu/000427/duffy.shtml. Retrieved April 30, 2006.
- ↑ Goodspeed, Thomas Wakefield (1916). A History of the University of Chicago. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p. 137. ISBN 0226303675.
- ↑ "History". University of Chicago. http://www.uchicago.edu/about/history.shtml. Retrieved 26 May 2011.
- ↑ Rudolph, Frederick (1962). The American College and University: A History. Knopf. p. 351. ISBN 9780820312842. http://books.google.com/?id=3se-H1Y_l7kC&pg=PA351&lpg=PA351&dq=%22october+1,+1892%22+goodspeed&q=%22october%201%2C%201892%22%20goodspeed.
- ↑ "Chicago Booth History". University of Chicago Booth School of Business. http://www.chicagobooth.edu/about/history.aspx. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ "History of the Law School". University of Chicago Law School. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/school/history. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ "History of the Office:William Rainey Harper". University of Chicago. http://president.uchicago.edu/history/harper.shtml. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ "History of the Office". University of Chicago. http://president.uchicago.edu/history/. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ "A Brief History of the Oriental Institute". The Oriental Institute. http://oi.uchicago.edu/research/history/. "Since its establishment in 1919, The Oriental Institute has sponsored archaeological and survey expeditions in every country of the Near East."
- ↑ 21.0 21.1 21.2 "History of the Office | Office of the President | The University of Chicago". President.uchicago.edu. 2008-11-06. http://president.uchicago.edu/history/hutchins.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ 22.0 22.1 "The Common Core". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/academics/commoncore.shtml. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- ↑ "The University of Chicago proposal". Northwestern University. http://www.northwestern.edu/about/historic-moments/academics/the-universities-of-chicago.html. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ "A Brief History of the Medical Center - University of Chicago Medical Center". Uchospitals.edu. http://www.uchospitals.edu/about/history.html. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ 25.0 25.1 "University of Chicago Met Lab". Atomic Heritage Foundation. http://www.atomicheritage.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=155. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- ↑ "The First Reactor". December 1982. http://www.osti.gov/cgi-bin/rd_accomplishments/display_biblio.cgi?id=ACC0044&numPages=51&fp=N. Retrieved July 15, 2009. "On December 2, 1942, in a racquets court underneath the West Stands of Stagg Field at the University of Chicago, a team of scientists led by Enrico Fermi created man’s first controlled, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction."
- ↑ Boyer, John W. "The Kind of University That We Desire to Become", Annual Report to the Faculty of the College (October 28, 2008). Excerpt available online at: http://www.uchicago.edu/pdfs/boyer_report.pdf
- ↑ "The University of Chicago - Alumni Weekend". Alumniweekend.uchicago.edu. http://alumniweekend.uchicago.edu/reu-72-scrap.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ Boris, Eileen (1999). Voices of Women Historians: The Personal, the Political, the Professional. Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253334947. http://books.google.com/?id=2BHlbO6eJrQC&pg=PA33&lpg=PA33. Retrieved 2008-06-11.
- ↑ "University of Chicago Presidential History". News.uchicago.edu. 2006-03-09. http://www-news.uchicago.edu/president/history/gray.shtml. Retrieved 2009-09-14.
- ↑ Beam, Alex (2008). A Great Idea at the Time. Public Affairs. p. 152. ISBN 9781586484873. http://books.google.com/?id=xyQOZUzkt3UC&pg=PA153&lpg=PA153&dq=university+of+chicago+core+hutchins&q=.
- ↑ Staley and Lippert, Oliver and John (October 15, 2008). "Milton Friedman Institute Spurs Chicago Faculty Clash (Update3)". Bloomberg. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=newsarchive&sid=akM_dI3rWYKo.
- ↑ Jacobsen, Kurt (August 26 2008). "Milton Friedman gives Chicago a headache". The Guardian. http://www.guardian.co.uk/education/2008/aug/26/economics.miltonfriedman.
- ↑ Cohen, Patricia (July 12 2008). "On Chicago Campus, Milton Friedman’s Legacy of Controversy Continues". NYTimes. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/07/12/books/12milt.html.
- ↑ "Milton Friedman Petition". http://faculty.chicagogsb.edu/john.cochrane/research/Papers/friedman_letter.htm.
- ↑ Cochrane, John. "Comments on the Milton Friedman Institute Protest letter". http://faculty.chicagobooth.edu/john.cochrane/research/papers/friedman_letter_comments.htm.
- ↑ "Booth Donates $300 Million to Chicago Business School". Bloomberg. November 7, 2008. http://www.bloomberg.com/apps/news?pid=20601103&sid=aAHS0r6IylXI. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
- ↑ Pridmore, Jay. "Make No Little Quads". University of Chicago Magazine. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0906/features/make_no_little_quads.shtml.
- ↑ "$25 million gift from Jules and Gwen Knapp will help build 10-story medical research facility at the University of Chicago". The University of Chicago. http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/06/060210.knapp.shtml. Retrieved June 11, 2006.
- ↑ 40.0 40.1 40.2 40.3 40.4 40.5 40.6 Schulze, Franz; Harrington, Kevin. Chicago's Famous Buildings (5th ed.). University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226740668. http://www.press.uchicago.edu/Misc/Chicago/740668uc.html.
- ↑ Goodspeed, p. 221
- ↑ "Architectural Details". The University of Chicago Magazine. December 2002. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0212/alumni/arch.html. Retrieved April 30, 2006.
- ↑ Robertson, David (1919). The University of Chicago: An Official Guide (3rd ed.). University of Chicago Press. p. 48. http://books.google.com/?id=uJkXAAAAYAAJ&lpg=PA48&pg=PP5#v=onepage&q=. Retrieved August 31, 2009.
- ↑ Puma, Amy Braverman (2007). "There Will Be Books". University of Chicago Magazine. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0878/chicago_journal/books.shtml. Retrieved September 6, 2009.
- ↑ 45.0 45.1 Braverman, Amy (February 2005). "2020 Vision". University of Chicago Magazine 27 (3). http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0502/chicagojournal/2020.shtml. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ↑ "Of Milestones and Momentum". http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0878/features/momentum.shtml. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
- ↑ http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0878/features/on_the_map.shtml
- ↑ "Site of the First Self-Sustaining Nuclear Reaction". National Historic Landmarks Program. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=204&ResourceType=Site. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- ↑ "About Us". Frank Lloyd Wright Preservation Trust. http://www.robiehouse.com/aboutus/aboutus.html. Retrieved September 8, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Room 405, George Herbert Jones Laboratory". National Historic Landmarks Program. http://tps.cr.nps.gov/nhl/detail.cfm?ResourceId=735&ResourceType=Building. Retrieved September 12, 2009.
- ↑ "National Register of Historic Places Listing". United States National Park Service. Archived from the original on June 11, 2008. http://web.archive.org/web/20080611213500/http://www.nr.nps.gov/iwisapi/explorer.dll?IWS_SCHEMA=NRIS1&IWS_LOGIN=1&IWS_REPORT=100000039. Retrieved September 11, 2009. Template:NRIS dead link State code is IL, city name is Chicago.
- ↑ "The University of Chicago Center in Paris". University of Chicago. http://centerinparis.uchicago.edu/.
- ↑ "Board of Trustees". The University of Chicago. http://trustees.uchicago.edu/. Retrieved August 15, 2009.
- ↑ "University Organization Chart". The University of Chicago. http://www.uchicago.edu/about/orgchart/. Retrieved August 16, 2009.
- ↑ "Andrew Alper Elected Chairman of the Board of Trustees". The University of Chicago. http://news.uchicago.edu/news.php?asset_id=1563. Retrieved August 18, 2009.
- ↑ "All Institutions Listed by Fiscal Year 2008 Market Value of Endowment Assets with Percentage Change Between 2007 and 2008 Endowment Assets". National Association of College and University Business Officers. 2009. http://www.nacubo.org/documents/research/NES2008PublicTable-AllInstitutionsByFY08MarketValue.pdf. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
- ↑ 58.0 58.1 "The University of Chicago Academic Calendar". http://academic-calendar.uchicago.edu. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
- ↑ "Academic Regulations and Procedures" (PDF). The University of Chicago. http://collegecatalog.uchicago.edu/pdf_10/academic-regulations.pdf. Retrieved August 13, 2009. "Students register for three or four courses per quarter. Over the typical four-year program (twelve quarters), a student normally registers for at least six four-course quarters and as many as six three-course quarters." Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Facts and Figures". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/facts/. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- ↑ "Departments and Academic Degree Programs in the College". University of Chicago. http://www.college.uchicago.edu/about_the_college/departments_div.shtml. Retrieved Juy 26, 2009.
- ↑ "New Collegiate Division". University of Chicago. http://college.uchicago.edu/about-college/collegiate-divisions/new-collegiate-division. Retrieved July 26, 2009.
- ↑ "Another Chapter in the Life of the College". University of Chicago Magazine. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/9904/html/curriculum.htm. Retrieved September 3, 2006.
- ↑ 64.0 64.1 "Enrollment by Academic Unit, by Academic Status: Spring 2009 Census" (PDF). University of Chicago Office of the Registrar. http://registrar.uchicago.edu/statistics/Summary-Spr09.pdf. Retrieved July 29, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "About the Lab Schools". The University of Chicago Laboratory Schools. 2005. Archived from the original on September 4, 2006. http://web.archive.org/web/20060904160019/http://www.ucls.uchicago.edu/about/. Retrieved September 3, 2006.
- ↑ "About the Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School". The University of Chicago. http://orthogenicschool.uchicago.edu/about.html/. Retrieved September 9, 2009. "The Sonia Shankman Orthogenic School is a coeducational residential treatment program for children and adolescents in need of support for profound emotional issues...As an affiliate of the University of Chicago, the School is committed to fostering inquiry into the clinical and treatment needs of troubled children and youth" Template:Dead link
- ↑ "About the University of Chicago Charter School". University of Chicago Urban Education Institute. http://uei.uchicago.edu/work/education.shtml. Retrieved August 13, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Chicago School for Children with Learning Disabilities". Hyde Park Day School. http://hpds.uchicago.edu/. Retrieved September 9, 2009. "The Hyde Park Day School (HPDS) is a private, not-for-profit day school serving the needs of children with learning disabilities... With two Illinois locations on the University of Chicago campus in Chicago and north suburban Northfield, HPDS is the only school of its kind in the Chicago area."
- ↑ "The University of Chicago School Mathematics Project (UCSMP)". The University of Chicago. http://socialsciences.uchicago.edu/ucsmp/. Retrieved May 28, 2006.
- ↑ "about CAS". The Council on Advanced Studies. November 17, 2007. http://cas.uchicago.edu/. Retrieved November 17, 2007.
- ↑ "About the Libraries". University of Chicago Library. http://www.lib.uchicago.edu/e/about/. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- ↑ "The Nation's Largest Libraries: A Listing by Volume Held". ALA. 2010. http://www.ala.org/ala/professionalresources/libfactsheets/alalibraryfactsheet22.cfm. Retrieved July 4, 2010.
- ↑ "University of Chicago to Get $42-Million Library Expansion". ALA. 2005. http://www.ala.org/ala/alonline/currentnews/newsarchive/2005abc/june2005a/uchicago.cfm. Retrieved September 19, 2007.
- ↑ "The Joe and Rika Mansueto Library Project Timeline". http://mansueto.lib.uchicago.edu/timeline.html. Retrieved July 31, 2009.
- ↑ visited 2007-01-25
- ↑ "College Closeup: University of Chicago". Peterson's. Archived from the original on March 10, 2007. http://web.archive.org/web/20070310210336/http://www.petersons.com/ugchannel/code/idd.asp?sponsor=36&inunId=9162#The%20University. Retrieved August 19, 2006.
- ↑ "University of Chicago: Total separately budgeted R&D expenditures in the sciences and engineering, by field" (xls). National Science Foundation. http://www.nsf.gov/statistics/profiles/data/tables/e1001774.xls. Retrieved July 28, 2009.
- ↑ "University of Chicago Carnegie Classifcations". Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. http://www.carnegiefoundation.org/classifications/sub.asp?key=748&subkey=14055&start=783. Retrieved August 14, 2009.
- ↑ "Faculty, Research, and Academic Resources". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/academics/resources/. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- ↑ "About TTI-C". August 2009. http://www.tti-c.org/about.php. Retrieved August 17, 2009. "An agreement between the University of Chicago and TTI - C allows cross-listing of computer science course offerings between the two institutions, providing students from each institution the opportunity to register in the other's courses."
- ↑ Kasper, Sherryl (2002) The Revival of Laissez-Faire in American Macroeconomic Theory: A Case Study of Its Pioneers. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 1-84064-606-3
- ↑ "History of the Department". http://www.oberlin.edu/sociolog. Retrieved August 17, 2009.
- ↑ "Abstract of Robert A. Millikan Oil Drop Experiment Notebooks". Caltech Institute Archives. http://caltechln.library.caltech.edu/8/. Retrieved September 8, 2009.
- ↑ Cox, John (2005). Climate crash: abrupt climate change and what it means for our future. National Academies Press. p. 27. ISBN 9780309093125. http://books.google.com/?id=BMPSJTQaFTQC&lpg=PA27&pg=PA27#v=onepage&q=. Retrieved September 9, 2009. "In 1947, at the University of Chicago, chemist Willard F. Libby discovered a powerful new technology known as radiocarbon dating. Libby would win the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1960 for developing this geological clock."
- ↑ "Nobel Laureates and Universities". Nobel Foundation. 2008. http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/lists/universities.html.
- ↑ Template:Cite newspaper
- ↑ "Rhodes Scholars". University of Chicago. http://beta.uchicago.edu/about/accolades/rhodes.shtml. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
- ↑ 88.0 88.1 "Spring Quarter 2009 Statistical Report". http://registrar.uchicago.edu/statistics/EOQ-Spring2009.pdf. Retrieved July 30, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Enrollment by Race/Ethnic Categories and Gender, Spring 2009" (PDF). Department for Institutional Research, University of Chicago. http://registrar.uchicago.edu/statistics/Race-Spr09.pdf. Retrieved July 24, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Enrollment by Academic Unit, Spring Quarter 2009". Office of the Registrar of the University of Chicago. http://registrar.uchicago.edu/statistics/Summary-Spr09.pdf. Retrieved August 6, 2009. Template:Dead link
- ↑ "Profile for the Class of 2014". The University of Chicago. 2008–2009. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/apply/classprofile.shtml. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
- ↑ "Admissions FAQs". Pritzker School of Medicine. http://pritzker.uchicago.edu/admissions/faq.shtml. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- ↑ "FAQs: About the Law School". The University of Chicago Law School. http://www.law.uchicago.edu/prospectives/faqs/about. Retrieved August 21, 2009.
- ↑ Yoe, Mary Ruth (February 2004). "Everybody's a critic". University of Chicago Magazine. http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0402/features/index.shtml.
- ↑ 95.0 95.1 95.2 "University of Chicago Athletics: Quick Facts". 2007. http://athletics.uchicago.edu/about/quickfacts.pdf. Retrieved July 30, 2009.
- ↑ McNeill, William (1991). Hutchins' University: A Memoir of the University of Chicago, 1929-1950. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226561704.
- ↑ "Student Activities". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. 2008. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/studentlife/activities/. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- ↑ 98.0 98.1 "UChicago Student Activities Database". https://studentactivities.uchicago.edu/php/public/search.php. Retrieved June 27, 2009.
- ↑ 99.0 99.1 "Greek Life On Campus". University of Chicago Office of Registered Clubs and Student Activities. 2007. http://studentactivities.uchicago.edu/involved/greek.shtml. Retrieved March 8, 2007.
- ↑ "Fraternies and Sororities". University of Chicago Admissions. 2007. https://studentactivities.uchicago.edu/php/public/search.phtml. Retrieved March 12, 2007. Template:Dead link
- ↑ 101.0 101.1 Golus, Carrie (October 2002). "Geeks Go Greek". University of Chicago Magazine 95 (1). http://magazine.uchicago.edu/0210/features/geeks.html
- ↑ "Fraternities of the University of Chicago Interfraternity Council". http://ifc.uchicago.edu/fraternities.htm. Retrieved 2009-06-27.
- ↑ "College House Profiles". The University of Chicago. http://housing.uchicago.edu/college_houses/. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- ↑ 104.0 104.1 "Housing and Dining". University of Chicago Office of College Admissions. https://collegeadmissions.uchicago.edu/studentlife/housing.shtml. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- ↑ "About Graduate Housing". http://reo.uchicago.edu/graduate_housing/index.shtml. Retrieved July 24, 2009.
- ↑ "World's largest Scavenger Hunt begins in Chicago". The University of Chicago News Office. http://www-news.uchicago.edu/releases/05/050505.scavhunt.shtml. Retrieved June 13, 2005.
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