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by George J. Dance

About poets

Poet
List of English-language poets
Poets of other languages

Spoken poetry • Oral poetry
World poetry • English poetry
Old English • Middle English
Renaissance • Restoration
Augustan • Romantic
Victorian • Modernist

Schools and movements

Cavalier  • Metaphysical
Augustan • Graveyard • Romantic
Pre-Raphaelites • Georgians
Symbolism • Surrealism
Imagists • Fugitives
Objectivists • Confessional
Black Mountain • Beats
Language poets • Deep image
Expansive • New Formalism
List of groups and movements

Country and region

English poetry • Scottish poetry
Anglo-Welsh • British poets
Irish poetry • Irish poets
American poetry • U.S. poets
African-American • Chicano
Canadian poetry • poets
Timeline of Canadian poetry
Caribbean poetry • poets
Australian poetry • poets
New Zealand poetry • NZ poets
Anglo-Indian poetry • poets
Asian English-language poets South African poetry • SA poets
African Engiish-language poets

Infrastructure

List of literary critics
List of literary magazines
List of poetry anthologies
List of poetry awards
List of poetry organizations
Online poetry resources

This box: view · talk · edit

This Timeline of Canadian poetry contains the significant events in the history of Canadian poetry in English (and selected events in the history of Canadian poetry in French), mostly first publications of books, from the beginning until 2010. English-language collections (not counting anthologies) have been limited to 3 per year.

17th centuryEdit

1628: First published poetry written in Canada: Quodlibets / Robert Hayman, governor of Newfoundland

18th centuryEdit

1786: Hymns and Spiritual Songs / Henry Alline
1788: First poem published in Canada, at Halifax, Nova Scotia: Annapolis-Royal (pamphlet) / Roger Viets
1789: Abram's Plains / Thomas Cary
1791: Quebec Hill; or, Canadian scenery / J. Mackay

19th centuryEdit

1811-1820Edit

1818: Talbot Road: A poem / Adam Hood Burwell

1821-1830Edit

1825: First publication of a Canadian-born author: The Rising Village / Oliver Goldsmith
1828: Tecumseh / John Richardson
1829: Quebec, The Harp, and other poems / William Fitz Hawley
1830: First poetry collection by a French-Canadian published in Canada: Épîtres, satires, chansons, épigrammes, et autres pièces de vers / Michel Bibaud

  • The Huron Chief, and other poems / Adam Kidd
  • Kensington Gardens in 1830 / John Richardson

1831-1840Edit

1831: The Unknown; or, Lays of the forest / William Fitz Hawley
1834: The Rising Village, with other poems / Oliver Goldsmith
1838: Literary Garland founded (published through 1851)

1841-1850Edit

1841: The Emigrant / Standish O'Grady
1843: Miscellaneous Poems / George William Gillespie
1846: The Spirit of Love, and other poems / Alexander McLachlan

1849: Summer Evening Contemplations / Adam Hood Burwell
1850: The Ojibway Conquest / George Copway

1851-1860Edit

1853: poems in The Frontier Missionary / Jacob Bailey
1855: Sonnets / Charles Heavysege
1856: Poems / Alexander McLachlan

1857: Saul: A drama in verse / Charles Heavysege
1858: Canadian Ballads, and occasional verses / Thomas D'Arcy McGee

  • Lyrics / Alexander McLachlan

1860: Songs of Life / Edward Hartley Dewart

1861-1870Edit

1861: The Emigrant, and other poems / Alexander McLachlan
1863: Voices from the Hearth / Isidore G. Ascher
1864: First Canadian poetry anthology: Selections from Canadian Poets / edited by Edward Hartley Dewart

  • The Dark Huntsman: A dream / Charles Heavysege

1865: Jephthah's Daughter / Charles Heavysege
1868: first poetry book published in British Columbia: Sawney's Letters; or, Cariboo rhymes / James Anderson

1869: Poems Satirical and Sentimental / Robert McBride

1871-1880Edit

'1873: Poems and Songs, William Murdoch

1874: Poems and Essays / Joseph Howe
1876: Discursary Ruminations: A fireside drama, William Murdoch 1879: The Prophecy of Merlin, and other poems / John Reade
1880: Orion, and other poems / Charles G.D. Roberts

1881-1890Edit

1881: Canadian Idylls / William Kirby

1883 English Poetical Works / Evan MacColl
1884: The Emigrant Mechanic, and other tales in verse / Thomas Cowherd

1885: Justin, and other poems / Frederick George Scott
1886: Tecumseh: A drama; and Canadian poems / Charles Mair

  • In Divers Tones / Charles G.D. Roberts

1887: Lyrics on Freedom, Love, and Death / George Frederick Cameron

1888: Snowflakes and Sunbeams William Wilfred Campbell

  • Among the Millet, and other poems / Archibald Lampman
  • The Soul's Quest, and other poems / Frederick George Scott

1889: Songs of the Great Dominion (anthology) / edited by William Douw Lighthall

1890: Poems / Pelham Edgar

1891-1900Edit

1891: The Perfume-Holder: A Persian love-tale / Craven Langstroth Betts

1892: Additional Poems / Edward Hartley Dewart
1893: The Dread Voyage Poems / William Wilfred Campbell

1894: Low Tide on Grand Pre, and other poems / Bliss Carman

  • My Lattice, and other poems / Frederick George Scott
  • Watchers of Twilight, and other poem / Arthur Stringer

1895: The White Wampum / Pauline Johnson

1896: The Book of the Native / Charles G.D. Roberts

1897: The Habitant, and other French-Canadian poems / William Henry Drummond

  • At Minas Basin, and other poems / Theodore Harding Rand
  • The Unnamed Lake, and other poems / Frederick George Scott

1898: From Distant Shores / Mary Electa Adams

  • In the Shadows / Pauline Johnson
  • Labour and the Angel / Duncan Campbell Scott

1899: Milestones: A collection of verses / Frances Bannerman

1900: Beyond the Hills of Dream / William Wilfred Campbell

  • The Poems of Archibald Lampman / Archibald Lampman

20th centuryEdit

1901-1910Edit

1901: Johnnie Courteau, and other poems / William Henry Drummond
1902: In Many Keys: A book of verse / John Wilson Bengough

1903: From the Green Book of the Bards / Bliss Carman

  • Canadian Born / Pauline Johnson
  • The Book of the Rose / Charles G.D. Roberts

1904: :Sappho: One hundred lyrics / Bliss Carman

1905: From the Book of Valentines / Bliss Carman

  • The Poems of Wilfred Campbell / William Wilfred Campbell
  • Collected Poems / Isabella Valency Crawford

1906: The Cornflower, and other poems / Jean Blewett

1907: The Prodigal, and other poems / Peter McArthur

  • Songs of a Sourdough / Robert Service
  • The Last Robin: Lyrics and sonnets / Ethelwyn Wetherald

1908: Poetical Tragedies / William Wilfred Campbell

1909: The Amber Army, and other poems / William Talbot Allison

  • Lonesome Bar, A romance of the lost, and other poems / Tom McInnes
  • The Many-Mansioned House, and other poems / E.W. Thomson

1910: In That New World Which is the Old / George A. Mackenzie

1911-1920Edit

1911: Songs of the Makers of Canada, and other homeland lyrics / J.D. Logan

1912: Poetical Works / William Henry Drummond

  • In Northern Skies, and other poems / Seranus
  • Rhymes of a Rolling Stone / Robert Service

1913: Oxford Book of Canadian Verse / edited by William Wilfred Campbell

1914: Gray Knitting, and other poems / Katherine Hale

1915: John McCrae composes "In Flanders Fields"

1916: Canadian Poets (anthology) / edited by John Garvin

  • Verses / John E. Logan
  • The Lamp of Poor Souls, and other poems / Marjorie Pickthall
  • Rhymes of a Red Cross Man / Robert Service

1917: Marching Men: War verses / Helena Coleman

1918: The Fighting Men of Canada / Douglas Durkin

1919: Canadian Singers and their Songs (anthology) / edited by Edmund S. Caswell

  • Poems: Lyrics and sonnets / Ethelwyn Wetherald
  • Brookfield, and other verse / William E. Marshall
  • In Flanders Fields, and other poems / John McCrae

1920: The Beckoning Skyline, and other poems / James Lewis Milligan

1921-1930Edit

1921: Canadian Authors Association founded

  • Beauty and Life / Duncan Campbell Scott
  • Ballads of a Bohemian / Robert Service

1922: Fires of Driftwood / Isabel Ecclestone Mackay

1923: Shepherd's Purse, and other poems / Florence Randal Livesay

1924: When Half Gods Go, and other poems Norah M. Holland

1925: Montreal Group founds McGill Fortnightly Review (published until 1927)

  • Far Horizons / Bliss Carman
  • The Sweet o' the Year, and other poems / Charles G.D. Roberts
  • Songs of Love and Labour / Seranus

1926: Later Poems / Bliss Carman

  • Out of the Wilderness / Wilson MacDonald
  • Candle Flame / Virna Sheard

1927: Songs of the Saguenay, and other poems / Alfred Bailey

1928: Green Pitcher / Dorothy Livesay

  • Later Poems and New Villanelles / Seranus

1929: Collected Poems / Isidore G. Ascher

  • Sanctuary: The Sunshine House sonnets / Bliss Carman
  • Wild Garden / Bliss Carman

1930: The Roosevelt and the Antinoe / E.J. Pratt

1931-1940Edit

1931: A Flagon of Beauty / Wilson MacDonald
1932: Signpost / Dorothy Livesay

  • The Naiad, and other poems / Marjorie Pickthall
  • Sonnets / W.W.E. Ross

1933: The Shrouding / Leo Kennedy

  • Selected Poems / Frederick George Scott
  • Penelope, and other poems / Seranus

1934: The Island, and other poems / Katherine Hale

  • The Iceberg, and other poems / Charles G.D. Roberts
  • The Leather Bottle / Theodore Goodridge Roberts

1935: The Titanic / E.J. Pratt

  • The Green Cloister: Later poems / Duncan Campbell Scott
  • Complete Poems / Francis Sherman

1936: New Provinces (anthology)

1937: Governor General's Award for English language poetry or drama first awarded

  • Songs / Helena Coleman
  • The Fable of the Goats, and other poems / E.J. Pratt [1]
  • I Sing of Life: Selected poems / Lloyd Roberts

1938: By Stubborn Stars / Kenneth Leslie [1]
1939: The White Bird, and other poems / Gertrude Bartlett

1940: Hath Not a Jew...? / A.M. Klein

  • Brebeuf and His Brethren / E.J. Pratt [1]

1941-1950Edit

1941: Calling Adventurers / Anne Marriott [1]

1942: Anthology of Canadian Poetry / edited by Ralph Gustafson

1943: At the Long Sault, and other new poems / Archibald Lampman

  • Still Life, and other verse / E.J. Pratt
  • News of the Phoenix, and other poems / A.J.M. Smith [1]

1944: Unit of Five (anthology)

  • Day and Night / Dorothy Livesay [1]

1945: Now is Time / Earle Birney [1]

1946: East of the City / Louis Dudek

1947: Selected Poems / Archibald Lampman

  • Poems for People / Dorothy Livesay [1]
  • Behind the Log / E.J. Pratt

1948: The Rocking Chair, and other poems / A.M. Klein [1]
1949: Collected Poems / Raymond Knister

  • The Red Heart / James Reaney [1]
  • Poésies Complètes: Regards et jeux dans l'espace; Les solitudes / Hector de Saint Denys Garneau

1950: The Flute, and other poems / Katherine Hale

  • In Quest of Beauty: Selected poems / Bertram Warr
  • Of Time and the Lover / James Wreford [1]

1951-1960Edit

1951: The Mulgrave Road / Charles Bruce [1]

  • The Black Huntsman / Irving Layton
  • Selected Poems / Duncan Campbell Scott

1952: Trial of a City, and other poems / Earle Birney

  • Cerberus / Louis Dudek, Irving Layton, & Raymond Souster
  • Toward the Last Spike / E.J. Pratt [1]

1953: The Colour as Naked / Patrick Anderson

  • Love the Conqueror Worm / Irving Layton
  • The Net and the Sword / Douglas LePan [1]

1954: Europe / Louis Dudek

  • The Metal and the Flower / P.K. Page [1]
  • A Sort of Ecstasy / A.J.M. Smith

1955: The Blue Propellor & The Cold Green Element / Irving Layton

1956: Let Us Compare Mythologies / Leonard Cohen

  • The Bull Calf, and other poems & The Improved Binoculars / Irving Layton
  • Experiment, 1923-1929 / W.W.E. Ross

1957: Selected Poems, 1926-1956 / Dorothy Livesay

1958: Penguin Book of Canadian Verse / edited by Ralph Gustafson

  • En Mexico / Louis Dudek
  • A Lattice for Momos / R.G. Everson
  • A Suit of Nettles / James Reaney [1]

1959: The Cruising Auk / George Johnston

  • A Red Carpet for the Sun / Irving Layton [1]

1960: Oxford Book of Canadian Verse, in English and French / edited by A.J.M. Smith

1961-1970Edit

1961: TISH newsletter founded (published until 1969)

  • The Spice Box of Earth / Leonard Cohen
  • Acis in Oxford, and other poems / Robert Finch [1]

1962: Poems for All the Annettes / Al Purdy

  • Collected Poems / A.J.M. Smith

1963: Sepass Tales: The songs of Y-Ail-Mihth / K'HHalserten Sepass

1964: Flowers for Hitler / Leonard Cohen

1965: The Wooden Horse / Daryl Hine

  • Collected Poems / Irving Layton
  • The Cariboo Horses / Al Purdy [1]

1966: League of Canadian Poets founded

1967: The Absolute Smile / George Jonas

1968: The Animals in that Country / Margaret Atwood

  • Selected Poems, 1956-1968 / Leonard Cohen [1]
  • The Documentaries: Selected longer poems / Dorothy Livesay

1969: The Gangs of Kosmos & Rocky Mountain Foot / George Bowering [1]

1970: Selected Poems, 1920-1970 / R.G. Everson

1971-1980Edit

1971: nobody owns th earth / bill bissett

1972: The Energy of Slaves / Leonard Cohen

1973: Power Politics / Margaret Atwood

1974: Fire on Stone / Ralph Gustafson [1]

  • Sex and Death / Al Purdy
  • Welcoming Disaster: Poems, 1970-1974 / Jay Macpherson

1975: The Island Means Minago / Milton Acorn [1]

1976: Lampman's Sonnets / Archibald Lampman

1977: Hugh and Ion / Isabella Valancy Crawford

  • Under the Thunder the Flowers Light up the Earth / D.G. Jones [1]
  • The Poems of Irving Layton / Irving Layton

1978Death of a Lady's Man / Leonard Cohen

1979: Empire, York St. / Erin Mouré

  • There's a Trick with a Knife I'm Learning to Do: Poems, 1963-1978 / Michael Ondaatje [1]
  • Countryside Canada / James Wreford

1980: The Arches: Selected poems / Frank Davey

1981-1990Edit

1981: Governor General's Award for English language poetry first awarded

  • True Stories / Margaret Atwood
  • The Acid Test / Gary Geddes
  • Collected Poems / F.R. Scott [1]

1982: New Oxford Book of Canadian Verse in English / edited by Margaret Atwood

  • Earth-Light: Selected poetry, 1963-1982 / Gwendolyn MacEwen
  • Selected Poetry / David Solway
  • The Vision Tree: Selected poems / Phyllis Webb [1]

1983: Snake Poems / Margaret Atwood

1984: The Sunday before Winter: New and selected poetry. Marilyn Bowering

1985: Canadian Poetry Association founded

  • The Glass Air: Poems selected and new / P.K. Page
  • Powassan's Drum: Selected poems / Duncan Campbell Scott
  • Waiting for Saskatchewan / Fred Wah [1]

1986: The Night the Dog Smiled / John Newlove

  • Collected Poems / Al Purdy [1]

1987: Weathering It: Complete poems, 1948-1987 / Douglas LePan

  • Afterworlds / Gwendolyn MacEwen

1988: Furious / Erin Mouré [1]

  • That Far River: Selected poems / Theodore Goodridge Roberts

1989: No Time / Margaret Avison [1]

1990: Selected Poems / A.M. Klein

  • Selected Poetry / Archibald Lampman
  • Far Voyages / Douglas LePan

1991-2000Edit

1991: Night Field / Don McKay [1]

  • The Cinnamon Peeler: Selected poems / Michael Ondaatje
  • I Dream Myself into Being: Collected poems / John Thompson

1992: Inventing the Hawk / Lorna Crozier [1]

1993: Stranger Music: Selected poems and songs / Leonard Cohen

1994: Cantos from a Small Room / Robert Hilles [1]

  • Hologram: A book of glosas / P.K. Page
  • Naked with Summer in Your Mouth / Al Purdy

1995: Morning in the Burned House / Margaret Atwood

1996: Mind the Gap / Bert Almon

1997: Not Yet But Still / Margaret Avison

  • Land to Light On / Dionne Brand [1]
  • The Hidden Room: Collected poems / P.K. Page

1998: Eating Fire: Selected poetry, 1965-1995 / Margaret Atwood

  • White Stone: The Alice poems / Stephanie Bolster [1]
  • Archive for our Time: Previously uncollected and unpublished poems / Dorothy Livesay

1999: Casablanca: The poem / Kildare Dobbs

2000: Another Gravity / Don McKay [1]

  • Beyond Remembering: Collected poems / Al Purdy
  • Minding the Darkness / Peter Dale Scott

21st centuryEdit

2001-2010Edit

2001: Griffin Poetry Prize first awarded

2002: Eunoia / Christian Bök [2]

2003: Concrete and Wild Carrot / Margaret Avison [2]

  • Kill-site / Tim Lilburn [1]
  • Planet Earth: Poems selected and new / P.K. Page

2004: Short Journey Upriver toward Oishida / Roo Borson [1]

2005: Changing on the Fly / George Bowering

2006: Book of Longing: Poems and drawings / Leonard Cohen

2007: All Our Wonder Unavenged / Don Domanski [1]

2008: The Holy Forest: Collected poems / Robin Blaser [2]

2009: Crabwise to the Hounds / Jeramy Dodds

2010: Modern Canadian Poets: An anthology of poems in English / edited by Todd Swift & Evan Jones

2011-Edit

2011 Perennial: Poems Selected and new, Volume 2 / Andreas Gripp

2012 Methodist Hatchet / Ken Babstock [2]


KeyEdit

See alsoEdit

Original Penny's Poetry Pages article, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0.
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