Sonnet studies

Iambic pentameter
Octave • Sestet
Quatrain • Couplet
Sonnet writers


Petrarchan sonnet
Spenserian sonnet
Shakespearean sonnet
Petrarch's and Shakespeare's sonnets


Caudate sonnet • Curtal sonnet
Demi-sonnet • Pushkin sonnet


Crown of sonnets • Sonnet cycle
Sonnet redoublé
Sonnet sequence

How to ...

Write a sonnet
Write a sonnet like Shakespeare

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Onegin stanza (sometimes "Pushkin sonnet"[1]) refers to the verse form invented by Alexander Pushkin for his interpersonal epic Eugene Onegin.


The work is (almost wholly) written in verses of iambic tetrameter with the unusual rhyme scheme "aBaBccDDeFFeGG", where the lowercase letters represent feminine endings (i.e., with an additional unstressed syllable) and the uppercase represent masculine endings (i.e., stressed on the final syllable).

Unlike traditional forms like the Petrarchan sonnet or Shakespearean sonnet, the Onegin stanza does not divide into smaller stanzas of four lines or two in an obvious way. There are many different ways the sonnet can be divided: for example, the first four lines can form a quatrain, or instead join with the "cc" to form a set. The form's flexibility allows the author more scope to change how the semantic sections are divided from sonnet to sonnet, while keeping the sense of unity provided by following a fixed rhyme scheme. Also, being written in iambic tetrameter imparts a stronger sense of motion than other sonnets, which use the more common iambic pentameter.

Jon Stallworthy's 1987 "The Nutcracker" used this stanza form, and Vikram Seth's 1986 novel The Golden Gate is written wholly in Onegin stanzas.

The Onegin stanza is also used in the verse novel Equinox by Australian writer Matthew Rubinstein, serialized daily in the Sydney Morning Herald; in the verse biography of Richard Burgin by Diana Burgin; in the verse novel Jack the Lady Killer by HRF Keating (title borrowed from a line in Golden Gate, in Onegin stanza rhymes but not always preserving the metric pattern); and in several poems by Australian poet Gwen Harwood, for instance the first part of "Class of 1927" and "Sea Eagle". (Harwood's first employs a humorous Byronic tone, but her second adapts the stanza to a spare lyrical mood, which is good evidence of the form's versatility).

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

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