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- Canzonetta. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-c-d-c-D (Or prima canzonetta, a-b-a-b-c-b-c-B - capital letter signals refrain). No specified meter.
- Common octave (or Hymnal octave). Rhyme scheme a-b-c-b-a-b-c-b. Common meter.
- Huitain. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-b-c-b-c or a-b-a-b-a-c-a-c. Eight-syllable or ten-syllable lines.
- Italian octave. Rhyme scheme a-b-b-a-a-b-b-a. no specified meter (Iambic pentameter (IP) in English).
- Ottava rima. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c. No specified meter (IP in English).
- Sicilian octave. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-a-b-a-b. No specified meter (IP in English).
- Strambutto Tuccano. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-a-b-c-c. Hendecasyllables.
- Strambutto Siciliano. Rhyme scheme a-b-a-b-a-b-a-b. Hendecasyllables.
An octave is also the first 8-line part of an Italian or Petrarchan sonnet (which ends with a contrasting 6-line sestet). In traditional Italian sonnets the octave always develops and concludes one idea, which gives way to another idea in the sestet. While different sestets were used by Italian sonneteers, most used the Italian octave (which rhymes a-b-b-a-a-b-b-a).
Two other octave forms with Italian origins:
- Poetic Form: Sonnet - Poets.org
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