Zaturenska was born in Kiev, Ukraine (then part of the Russian Empire). Her family emigrated to the United States, when she was eight, living in New York. Like many immigrants she worked during the day, in a clothing factory, but was able to attend night high school. She was an outstanding student and won a scholarship to Valparaiso University; she later transferred to the University of Wisconsin–Madison, receiving a degree in library science.
She met poet Horace Gregory in university; they married in 1925, and had two children, Patrick and Joanna Gregory.
Kirkus Reviews (on Cold Morning Sky): "These may have some distinguishing features, but they struck me as uninspired verse, of the nature school, with little to distinguish them either from point of view of content or form."
Erica Jong (on The Hidden Waterfront): "It is a joy for a member of my generation to discover the great poets of the preceding generations. Marya Zaturenska is one such discovery for me. I hope many of my contempraries will join me in the pleasure and inspiration of her timeless work."