Fandom

Penny's poetry pages Wiki

Line

Redirected from Line (poetry)

10,374pages on
this wiki
Add New Page
Comments0 Share

by George Dance

About Poetry
Poetry • Outline • Explication

Theme • Plot • Style
Character • Setting • Voice
Writer • Writer's block

Poetic diction

Imagery • Figures of speech
Metaphor • Simile
Homeric simile
Personification • Pathetic fallacy
Synecdoche  • Metonymy
Conceit • Extended metaphor
Allegory • Motif • Symbol
Pun • Double entendre
Ambiguity • Idiom

Sound

Alliteration • Assonance
Consonance • Rhyme
Repetition • Refrain
Onomatopoeia

Prosody

Line • Enjambment • Caesura
Foot • Meter • Verse • Stanza

Verse forms

Epic • Narrative • Lyric • Ode
Dramatic monologue • Ballad
Blank verse • Heroic couplets
Sestina • Sonnet • Villanelle
List of poetic forms

Modern poetry

Free verse • Prose poetry
Haiku in English • Tanka

Much, much more ...

Collaborative poetry
Glossary of poetry terms
How to - topics

Edit

This box: view · talk · edit

A line is a unit of language into which verse (as in poetry or drama) is divided. Division into lines was traditionally based on principles of meter, that are separate and distinct from structures based on grammar, semantics, or syntax, such as paragraphs, sentences, or clauses. Unlike those other units of language, lines of verse are based not on words but on feet (which are built up independently from syllables).

A line in poetry was traditionally known as a verse . Although 'verse' can still be used as a synonym for a single line of meter (as in the 1913 definition below), it now tends to be used to signify poetry in general that has metrical form.

The earliest known use of line in poetry is the shloka, used to compose classical Sanskrit poetry such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata. One of the most common of traditional lines in (surviving) classical Latin and Greek prosody was the hexameter. The most famous and widely used line of verse in English prosody is iambic pentameter. Pioneers of the verseless line of modern poetry include Whitman and Apollinaire.

DefinitionEdit

Line (line) n.

7. A verse, or the words which form a certain number of feet, according to the measure. "In the preceding line Ulysses speaks of Nausicaa."? Broome.[1]

TerminologyEdit

Where one line starts, and another begins, is called a line break.

The last word before the break is called its line's end word.

General conventions in Western poetryEdit

In Western literary traditions, use of line is the most obvious feature that distinguishes poetry from prose. But division into lines has not always been done the same way. In Old English poetry (a form of accentual verse), line lengths were determined by count of accents, or stressed syllables. In French poetry (a type of syllabic verse), they were determined by count of all syllables. The compromise system that grew out of those two systems to become English poetry was accentual-syllabic verse, in which lines are determined by a count of feet. Monometer was verse (lines) of one foot in length, dimeter of two, trimeter of three, and so on.

In accentual-syllabic verse, a foot is a unit containing either two or three syllables, of which (normally) one is a stressed syllable. For example, an iambic foot (or iamb) was made up of two syllables, in which the second was stressed, while a dactylic foot was made of three syllables, of which the first was stressed. So a line of pentameter (five feet long) could have either 10 or 15 syllables.

In rhyming verse, rhyme was used to marked line breaks. This was effective even in oral poetry , where the line breaks themselves could not be seen. Another convention traditionally used to convey a sense of line in printed settings was capitalization of the first letter of the first word of each line, regardless of other punctuation in the sentence (called 'majusculation').

StanzasEdit

Main article: stanza

A separate and distinct group of lines within a verse is called a stanza . Stanzas can range from two lines (a couplet) to fourteen (a quatorzain). The most common numbers of lines in stanzas are three (tercet), four (quatrain), and five (quintain). Stanza break is similar in meaning to break: where one stanza ends and another begins.

Lines without meterEdit

In many if not most free verse or non-verse poems, where meter or rhyme is only occasionally evident or altogether absent, the convention of division into lines continues to be observed, at least in written representations. In such writing, simple visual appearance on a page (or any other written layout) remains sufficient to determine poetic line, and this sometimes leads to a "charge" that the work in question is "chopped up prose".[2]

In more "free" forms, and in free verse in particular, conventions for the use of line become, arguably, more arbitrary and more visually determined such that they may only be properly apparent in typographical representation and/or page layout. One extreme deviation from a conventional rule for line can occur in concrete poetry where the primacy of the visual component may over-ride or subsume poetic line in the generally regarded sense, or sound poems in which the aural component stretches the concept of line beyond any purely semantic coherence. At another extreme, the so-called prose poem simply dispenses with poetic line altogether.

Dropped lines Edit

A dropped line is a line broken into two or more parts, with subsequent parts indented to remain visually sequential. When counting the lines in a stanza or a poem, the parts of a dropped line should be counted as one line only.

Quoting line breaksEdit

Short quotations of poetry can be written in quotes with line breaks indicated by the forward slash (/). For example: "...What in me is dark,/ Illumine! what is low, raise and support!"(Milton, Paradise Lost). A stanza break can be indicated by the forward slash doubled (//).

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Line," Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary, Web, July 6, 2011.
  2. See [1] for an example.
This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia. (view article). (view authors).
This page uses content from Wikinfo . The original article was at Wikinfo:Line.
The list of authors can be seen in the (view authors). page history. The text of this Wikinfo article is available under the GNU Free Documentation License and the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 license.

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.