A clerihew is a whimsical, four-line biographical poem invented by Edmund Clerihew Bentley. One of his best known is this (1905):
- Sir Christopher Wren
- Said, "I am going to dine with some men.
- If anyone calls
- Say I am designing St. Paul's."
A clerihew has the following properties:
- It is biographical and usually whimsical, showing the subject from an unusual point of view; it pokes fun at mostly famous people
- It has four lines of irregular length and metre (for comic effect)
- The rhyme scheme is a-a-b-b; the subject matter and wording are often humorously contrived in order to achieve a rhyme
- The first line contains, and may consist solely of, the subject's name.
Clerihews are not satirical or abusive, but they target famous individuals and reposition them in an absurd, anachronistic or commonplace setting, often giving them an over-simplified and slightly garbled description (similar to the schoolboy style of 1066 and All That).
The form was invented by and is named after Edmund Clerihew Bentley. When he was a 16-year-old pupil at St Paul's School in London, the lines about Humphry Davy came into his head during a science class. Together with his schoolfriends, he filled a notebook with examples. The first use of the word in print was in 1928. Clerihew published three volumes of his own clerihews: Biography for Beginners (1905), published as "edited by E. Clerihew"; More Biography (1929); and Baseless Biography (1939), a compilation of clerihews originally published in Punch illustrated by the author's son Nicolas Bentley.
Bentley's friend, G.K. Chesterton, was also a practitioner of the clerihew and one of the sources of its popularity. Chesterton provided verses and illustrations for the original schoolboy notebook and illustrated Biography for Beginners. Other serious authors also produced clerihews, including W. H. Auden, and it remains a popular humorous form among other writers and the general public. Among contemporary writers, the satirist Craig Brown has made considerable use of the clerihew in his columns for The Daily Telegraph.
The first ever clerihew was written about Sir Humphry Davy:
When this clerihew was published in 1905, "Was not fond of" was replaced by "Abominated". Other classic clerihews by Bentley include:
- John Stuart Mill,
- By a mighty effort of will,
- Overcame his natural bonhomie
- And wrote Principles of Political Economy.
Auden's "Literary Graffitti" includes:
- Sir James Dewar
- Is smarter than you are
- None of you asses
- Can liquify gases.
A modern literary example is:
In 1983, Games Magazine ran a contest titled "Do You Clerihew?" The winning entry was:
- Teague, Frances (1993). "clerihew". Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T.V.F. (ed.), The New Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Princeton University Press. pp. 219â€“220.
- ↑ Bentley, E. Clerihew (1905). Biography for Beginners. ISBN 978-1443753159.
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 Gale, Steven H. (1996). Encyclopedia of British Humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese. Taylor & Francis. p. 139. ISBN 0-8240-5990-5.
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 Bentley, E. Clerihew (1982). The First Clerihews. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-212980-5.
- ↑ Oxford English Dictionary.
- ↑ O'Neill, Michael (2007). The All-sustaining Air: Romantic Legacies and Renewals in British, American, and Irish Poetry Since 1900. Oxford University Press. p. 94. ISBN 0-19-929928-5.
- ↑ BBC - h2g2 - Sir Humphry Davy FRS (1778 - 1829)
- ↑ Freeman, Morton S. (ed.) (1997). A New Dictionary of Eponyms. Oxford University Press. p. 50. ISBN 0-19-509354-2.
- ↑ Biography for Beginners. Swainson, Bill (ed.) (2000). Encarta Book of Quotations. Macmillan. pp. 642â€“43. ISBN 0-312-23000-1.
- ↑ Credited to Caroline Dworin
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